World Heritage Kingston
Details & Facilities
The Kingston and Arthurs Vale Historic Area (KAVHA), is of outstanding significance to the nation as a convict settlement spanning the era of transportation to eastern Australia between 1788-1855. It is also significant as the only site in Australia to display evidence of early Polynesian settlement, and the place where the Pitcairn Island descendents of the Bounty mutineers were re-settled in 1856.
In 2010 the Australian Federal Environment Protection and Heritage Minister, Peter Garrett, and Norfolk Island Chief Minister, David Buffett, welcomed an announcement by the World Heritage Committee that Norfolk Island's Kingston and Arthur's Vale Historic Area has been included on the WORLD HERITAGE LIST as part of the Australian Convict Sites inscription
The 250 hectare site includes four fascinating layers of history and occupation. Primarily, the site comprises a large group of buildings and archaeological sites and ruins from the Penal Convict Settlement 1824-1855 with evidence of buildings from the earlier Colonial Convict Settlement 1788-1814 and an exceptional cultural landscape, evocative of the convict era. There are also archaeological remains from the pre-European Polynesian Settlement before 1788.
Pitcairn Islanders re-settled on Norfolk Island in 1856 and established their families and communities within the vacant Penal Convict Settlement buildings at Kingston.